• naturesgatetens: AN INTRODUCTION TO TENS WHY DO WE HAVE...



    naturesgatetens:

    AN INTRODUCTION TO TENS

    WHY DO WE HAVE PAIN?

    Pain is the body’s warning system. It alerts us to injury or illness. When the body is functioning normally, pain serves as a vital warning sign when something is not right.

    Pain signals, in the form of electrical impulses, travel through the body’s nervous system from the site of injury or ailment to the brain. Then, at the brain, these impulses are interpreted as pain.

     TENS MACHINE PAIN RELIEF

    There are two main methods that a TENS machine uses to provide you with pain relief.

    Pain Gating 

    Endorphin Release

    PAIN GATING

    There are millions upon millions of small nerve fibres throughout our bodies which allow the sensation of pain to be felt.  As well as these, the human body is also equipped with thicker nerve fibres.  These carry less unpleasant sensations such as warmth, touch and the position of our joints, helping us to form an impression of our environment. 

    The sensation of touch is particularly relevant when considering pain, since as we know, if someone accidentally knocks their elbow, they instinctively rub it.  This rubbing action excites the larger nerve fibres, which in turn, have an effect on the transmission of signals from the smaller “pain-carrying” nerves.  Luckily, your brain can only interpret a limited amount of information. If the “rubbing” sensations outnumber the painful “bump” sensations, the brain will interpret the sensations as being from the pain-free rubbing source rather than the painful bump. In other words, the rubbing sensations have ‘bombarded the gate’, so painful messages cannot get through.

    The Gate Control Theory was initially proposed in 1965 by Melzack and Wall based on the fact that small diameter nerve fibres carry pain stimuli through a ‘gate mechanism’ but larger diameter nerve fibres going through the same gate can inhibit the transmission of the smaller nerves carrying the pain signal.  This theory lead to the development of TENS units which are designed specifically to stimulate the large nerve fibres.

    ENDORPHIN RELEASE

    According to the second theory, T.E.N.S. stimulation encourages one’s body to produce and release greater amounts of a chemical called endorphin. Endorphins are our body’s own natural painkillers that are released as a natural function to overcome pain. Endorphins interact with pain receptors, blocking the perception of pain, much as the pharmaceutical drugs or narcotics such as morphine do, but without the side effects associated with these types of drugs. . Endorphins are released by the descending nerve fibres or nerves which travel down the spinal cord from the brain.

    When we feel pain, the descending nerve fibres release endorphins at the spinal cord, where they meet the sensory nerves carrying the 'pain messages’ from our body. This local release of endorphins by the nerves inhibits some or all of the pain messages going up to the brain.

     A great example of endorphin release is the natural 'high’ that runners and other athletes experience after 30 minutes of sustained exercise. Much like exercise, the endorphin release stimulated by the TENS may take up to 30 minutes or more to take a noticeable effect. The “feel good” effect may last several hours before endorphin levels in the body need to be increased again.

    For more information about TENS machines, visit the Natures Gate website at www.naturesgatetens.com

  • What do people use Electronic Muscle Stimulators for?

    • Recovery – increase blood flow and remove lactic acid
    • Training – power, endurance, strength, size, etc.
    • Rehabilitation – building and strengthening muscle
    • Prevention – warmup before exercise
    • Appearance – muscle toning

  • naturesgatetens: TREATMENT MODES FOR YOUR TENS MACHINE The wide...



    naturesgatetens:

    TREATMENT MODES FOR YOUR TENS MACHINE

    The wide range of variation in machine settings and electrode positioning gives great flexibility in terms of treatment options. Don’t be afraid to experiment with the control settings or the placement of electrodes.

    You may also find that your G.P, Physiotherapist, Osteopath or Acupuncturist can advise you on machine use specifically for your condition.

    Treatment time in the conventional mode can be from 5 - 60 minutes with 20 minutes usually being sufficient. If used for longer than 1 hour then switch off for 5 minutes to reassess.

    If good pain relief has been achieved with the conventional mode and then it becomes less effective this may be due to accommodation. Accommodation is when the nerves can become more tolerant to the TENS stimulation, reducing some of its effectiveness. The effects of accommodation can be greatly reduced by switching to MODULATION MODE. This is easily done using all the settings as before but switching the Mode Selector Switch from C (Constant) to M (modulation). This mode offers a gradual rise and fall type of stimulation that can feel very pleasant. MODULATION MODE can be utilized with any of the primary stimulation modes, but is particularly effective with the conventional method.

    If after using the TENS machine for 40 minutes in the conventional mode you have not obtained relief then first try readjusting your electrodes. If after another 40 minutes you are still having pain then you may wish to experiment with one of the other modes available.

    Above is a chart of the PRIMARY STIMULATION MODES giving the settings to be used and a comparison of the modes.  In addition to the primary stimulation modes a number of other settings have been found through studies to be successful in treating various conditions. We therefore also include a list of some of the alternative settings available.

    image

    This may all sound rather confusing but once you have found the settings that suit you best you will find the machine easy to use and very worthwhile.

    For more information visit www.naturesgatetens.com

  • naturesgatetens: USING A TENS MACHINE FOR BACK PAIN Most people...



    naturesgatetens:

    USING A TENS MACHINE FOR BACK PAIN

    Most people have experienced back pain sometime in their life. The causes of back pain are numerous; some are self-inflicted due to a lifetime of bad habits. Other back pain causes include accidents, muscle strains, and sports injuries. Although the causes may be different, most often they share the same symptoms, like an ache, tension or stiffness in the back. In most cases, it gets better within 12 weeks and can usually be successfully treated by taking painkillers and keeping mobile.

     A TENS machine is widely used by back pain sufferers to help manage and reduce the pain.

    In TENS therapy for pain management, a small, battery-operated device delivers low-voltage electrical current through the skin via electrodes placed near the source of pain. The electricity from the electrodes stimulates nerves in the affected area and sends signals to the brain that “scramble” normal pain perception.

     Suggested electrode placement and settings for LOWER BACK PAIN

     Using both leads, position the electrodes either side of the spine, at the site of pain.

    MODE: C Mode

    PULSE WIDTH: 260

    PULSE RATE: 50-80Hz

    OUTPUT: Adjust to the most comfortable intensity 

    For more information about using TENS machines, visit the Natures Gate website at www.naturesgatetens.com

  • naturesgatetens: USING A TENS FOR IRRITABLE BOWEL...



    naturesgatetens:

    USING A TENS FOR IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME

    Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common condition of the digestive system and it’s estimated that 10% - 20% of the UK population is affected by it at any one time.

    IBS can cause bouts of stomach cramps, bloating, diarrhoea and constipation.

    The symptoms usually appear for the first time when a person is between 20 and 30 years of age. They tend to come and go in bouts, often during times of stress or after eating certain foods.

    Symptoms vary between individuals and affect some people more severely than others.

    A TENS machine can help to give relief from the painful stomach cramps associated with IBS.

    Irritable bowel syndrome is shown by the red “pain zone”. 

    Suggested Electrode Placement -

    Place one set of electrodes on the front of the body and the other set on the back of the body as shown in the diagrams.  (The grey electrodes show an alternative placement position.)

    Suggested TENS Settings -  

                               Mode Normal

                                Pulse Frequency 50 - 100 Hz

                                Pulse Width  40 - 75 µs

                                OUTPUT: Adjust to the most comfortable intensity

    For more information please visit the Natures Gate website at www.naturesgatetens.com

  • Electrotherapy with Metal Implants

    Can TENS and Muscle Stims (EMS machines) be safely used by people with metal implants?

    This is a question Natures Gate often get asked and the answer is yes.  Many people who have had pins, plates, wires, nails or screws to reconstruct or replace their malformed or degenerated joints find that TENS machines are useful for their pain relief and muscle stimulators are useful with their rehab. They are however concerned if these are safe to use.

    Metal implants (most commonly) hip and knee replacements are widely considered to constitute a contraindication to most, if not all electrotherapy modalities - though in fact studies have shown that this is not actually the case for many.

    When considering electrotherapy to treat conditions it is important to determine if the device is PASSIVE or ACTIVE.

    TENS and muscle stimulators (also known as EMS, NMES or NMS machines) are battery powered and are categorised as PASSIVE devices.

    The major concern is that the applied energy will result in ‘significant’ heating of the metallic implant, which would have a detrimental effect in the local tissues surrounding that implant, raising the tissue temperature to damaging levels. Whist that would almost certainly be true for some electrotherapy modalities (most especially the high frequency heating modalities - shortwave and microwave in particular), it is not true for many others.

    Electrical stimulation modalities (TENS, Interferential, NMES etc) are not contraindicated as the amount of energy applied is not sufficient to cause a detrimental heating effect in the tissues surrounding the implant, though the presence of metal in the tissues will almost certainly distort the pathway taken by the applied current and may therefore generate some unexpected effects in terms of sensation experienced by the patient. Passive metal implants are NOT therefore a contraindication to the electrical stimulation modalities (ACTIVE implants are though)

    We always recommend that you also consult with your doctor and always fully read the User Guide for all Natures Gate units and pay particular attentions to our Contraindications, Precautions and Warnings.

    For more information visit

    Natures Gate TENS   www.naturesgatetens.com

  • naturesgatetens: DRUG FREE PAIN RELIEF Anyone who has ever...



    naturesgatetens:

    DRUG FREE PAIN RELIEF

    Anyone who has ever experienced a chronic pain condition knows just how debilitating pain can be. It’s hard to explain to someone who has never experienced chronic pain how different chronic pain is compared to a pain that is expected to go away, such as an injury or an accident.

    Chronic pain wears the body down, stresses the adrenals and kidneys, and puts emotional and physical stress on the body and mental stress on the brain. Unfortunately, the predominate way of treating chronic pain in a medical setting is to use medication, many that are quite harsh and have undesirable side effects. 

     Possible side effects of painkiller

    Taking painkillers is good only to a certain extent. While side effects vary from painkiller to painkiller, it helps to be aware so that you may ask your doctor the right questions before taking these drugs:

    • Constipation is the most common side effect of painkillers.
    • Many painkillers also cause drowsiness.
    • Painkillers may cause damage to the liver and kidney.
    • Cardiovascular and respiratory systems get affected; due to the slowing effect painkillers have on the heart and respiratory rates.
    • Painkiller addiction is a serious problem globally, as the numbing of pain and the sedative effects of painkillers can be pleasurable and therefore habit-forming.
    • Painkillers with opiates can also cause hallucinations, disturbed sleep and confusion.
    • Many pain medications evoke skin itchiness and dryness.

     For those suffering from chronic pain, there are some ways to reduce pain and manage it, without resorting to medication, or ways to manage pain while limiting the need or dependence on pain medication.

     

    T.E.N.S. or Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation is a small device that many people find effective in relieving pain. TENS has become a recognised and well-proven method of treating pain.

    How does TENS work?

    TENS relieves pain in two ways. Electrical pulses pass from the machine through electrodes placed over the nerve centres. Benefit is felt firstly by blocking the pain signals normally sent to the brain through the nerve fibres, thereby interrupting the brain’s awareness of pain. Secondly, the body is stimulated to increase its own production of natural painkillers known as endorphins and enkephalins.

    What are the advantages of TENS?

    TENS is an effective form of pain relief

    TENS is safe

    TENS is drug free

    TENS is non-addictive

    TENS is portable and ideal for home use

     

    So before you next “pop a pill” consider using a TENS machine to help relieve your pain.

    For more information visit our website at www.naturesgatetens.com

  • naturesgatetens: THE BENEFITS OF USING AN ELECTRONIC MUSCLE...



    naturesgatetens:

    THE BENEFITS OF USING AN ELECTRONIC MUSCLE STIMULATOR

    Electronic muscle stimulator (EMS) units use continuous electrical bursts aimed at particular muscles to force them to contract and relax. During muscle stimulation the body sends blood and oxygen to these areas and increases production of endorphins. Electronic muscle stimulator units are regularly used for Training, Rehabilitation and Recovery

    • SPORTS TRAINING

    Dr. Y Kots of the Central Institute of Physical Culture in the former USSR conducted a study showing that electronic muscle stimulation causes contractions that are up to 30 times more powerful than normal voluntary contractions.  This leads to enhanced muscle strength and improved muscle recovery.

    • REHABILITATION

    Electronic muscle stimulator units can help rehabilitate muscles that have been injured due to traumer, surgery or disease.  The contractions caused by the EMS help to strengthen muscles of individuals who may not be able to participate in physical therapy.

    • MUSCLE ATROPHY

    Muscle atrophy is a symptom characterised by decrease in muscle mass and can occur as a result of numerous medical conditions.  Electrical muscle stimulation may be used to slow or prevent the effects of muscle atrophy by keeping weakened muscles active.

    • OSTEOARTHRITIS

    Osteoarthritis is a painful and sometimes debilitating condition caused by the degradation of joint tissues.  According to a clinical study published in the “Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation,” electrical muscle stimulation was found to be an effective component of physical therapy for elderly patients who developed hip osteoarthritis after total hip arthroplasty surgery.  Also an important benefit for mobility and independence, electronic muscle stimulation can strengthen knee extensor muscles.

    • PRESSURE SORE PREVENTION

    Electrical muscle stimulation can effectively reduce the risk of pressure sores in prone patients.  Pressure sores are common problems for patients who are wheelchair or bed bound.  Electrical muscle stimulation can be applied to the gluteus maximus of wheelchair bound patients. This treatment can produce significant results regarding the maintenance of proper buttock shape and avoidance of deformities, which may be effective in reducing the incidence of pressure sores.

    Electronic muscle simulators can be purchased from the Natures Gate TENS website at www.naturesgatetens.com 

  • Using a TENS for treating Migraine and Headaches

    naturesgatetens:

    image

    More than 10 million people in the UK get headaches, making them one of the most common health complaints, but most are easily treated.

    Most headaches aren't serious and can be treated with pharmacy remedies and lifestyle changes, such as getting more rest and drinking enough fluids.

     A migraine is usually a severe headache felt as a throbbing pain at the front or on one side of the head.

    Some people also have other symptoms, such as nausea and sensitivity to light.

    Migraine is a common health condition, affecting about 15% of adults in the UK.

     There are several acupuncture points that are used to treat migraine and often produce positive effects when stimulated with TENS.

    ELECTRODE PLACEMENT

    Using one lead only, place one electrode on the left temple, and the second one on the back of your right hand between your thumb and first finger.

    image

    ALTERNATE ELECTRODE PLACEMENT

     Using one lead only, place both electrodes on the back of the neck. Note: Do not place pads on the side of front of the neck

    image

    SUGGESTED SETTINGS

    Set the TENS to Burst,

    Pulse frequency 100Hz

    Pulse width 200 µs

    Stimulate for up to one and half hours.  Repeat up to four times daily. If this is not successful, try Constant mode, 80-100Hz.

    For more information visit our web site at Natures Gate TENS

    www.naturesgatetens.com

  • Why is it unsafe for people with Pacemakers to use TENS and Muscle Stimulation?

    naturesgatetens:

    Electrical stimulation modalities (this would include ANY electrical stim delivered through surface or implanted electrodes - like TENS, Interferential, muscle stimulation, Russian currents, H wave and a whole host of others) are best avoided anywhere if you have a pacemaker. The delivery of an electrical current from an external source has the potential to cause interference with the operation of the pacemaker and whilst some pacemakers are fine, others are not, and there have been reports in the literature of interference and problems.

    It is argued that applying TENS to the low back (for example) is far enough away not to be a problem BUT given that this is not yet established, the safest thing is to NOT USE ANY ELECTRICAL STIMULATION for ANY person who has a pacemaker fitted.

    Information courtesy of Professor Tim Watson- leading expert in Electrotherapy.

    For more information visit Natures Gate Tens

    www.naturesgatetens.com 

  • PAINDescriptionPain arises from any number of situations. Injury ...



    PAIN

    Description

    Pain arises from any number of situations. Injury is a major cause, but pain may also arise from an illness.  It may accompany a psychological  condition, such as depression, or may even occur in the absence of a recognizable trigger.

     Acute Pain

    In normal development, acute pain protects us from damage as we learn what is hazardous to us.  It will also limit accidental damage by causing us to withdraw from the painful stimulus and avoid it in the future.  Acute pain will also prevent us from further damaging that segment by encouraging us to limit movement until it has healed.  In most cases, as the injured tissue repairs itself, the pain will gradually diminish until we can again function normally.

     Chronic Pain

    There are occasions when the pain does not resolve on healing.  Pain then is no longer a symptom of injury, but becomes a problem in its own right.  This type of pain is described as chronic pain.

  • Advise on Using TENS Electrodes Applying Electrodes·         To...



    Advise on Using TENS Electrodes

     

    Applying Electrodes

    ·         To help the electrode to adhere, first of all, clean and dry your skin using regular soap and water, but do not use alcohol. Alcohol will dry your skin and may increase irritation with the use of electrodes.

    ·         After removing the electrode, try using aloe vera gel on your skin to help with sensitivity.

    ·         If the pad feels “mushy” it has absorbed moisture from your body, and after cleaning, let it dry a little before storing in the plastic pouch (this happens frequently in hot, humid weather). This over-saturation will cause the electrode to come apart. If it gets too dry and not tacky, rub a couple drops of water on the pad.

    ·         Using any gel or lotion before putting the electrode on will only reduce its adherence, thus you would feel like you would need tape, etc.  

    Skin Irritation

    ·         If you do encounter skin sensitivity, avoid placing electrodes in the same place until the skin heals.  

    ·         Turning on your TENS too high or leaving it on for too long can result in over-stimulation and may cause skin problems. Try using Hypo Allergenic or Latex Free electrodes.  There are so many variables with each person that it seems to be “trial and error” in many instances. There is not one electrode that’s perfect for everyone because of differences in everyone’s skin and body.

    ·         If irritation still occurs, discontinue use and consult your health care advisor.

    For conductivity and adherence, the best thing you can do is to keep the electrode clean and keep yourself well-hydrated.

     For more information visit our website www.naturesgatetens.com

  • What is the difference between TENS and Muscle Stim?T.E.N.S....



    What is the difference between TENS and Muscle Stim?

    T.E.N.S. stands for Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation. 

    The key here is the NERVE part.  TENS is a “pain blocker.”  The tingling sensation from the TENS machine helps to block the pain signal from the nerve to where it is perceived in the brain as pain. 

    T.E.N.S. units are also thought to aid in the release of endorphins, which are the body’s natural pain fighting mechanism.

    E.M.S stands for Electrical Muscle Stimulation.  

    The key here is the waveform that it outputs is different than that of a T.E.N.S and it affects MUSCLE.  A muscle stim targets muscle and stimulates them to alternately contract and relax.  The main application of EMS is in the toning and strengthening of weakened muscles for athletic purposes or for medical reasons. In addition to having a different waveform, it also has what is called “Timing Options” including Ramp ON/OFF times, “ON/OFF” times and sometimes a “Delay.”  

    The ramp times are the amount of time that the unit takes in each cycle to ramp up to the maximum intensity.  The ON TIME is the time that the intensity is on in each cycle and the OFF Time is the amount of time the unit is off in each cycle.  The cycle repeats.  This causes a muscle to slowly reach contraction (RAMP ON), stay contracted for a short period of time (ON TIME), slowly release the contraction (RAMP OFF) and then rest before the cycle repeats (OFF TIME).  The timing options make it possible for the muscle stimulator to do a “pseudo exercise” for the weak muscle.  

    In conclusion T.E.N.S. units affect NERVE endings and are used for PAIN RELIEF.

    Muscle stimulators affect MUSCLE and are used to rehabilitate muscle.  

    Each has a different waveform and the Muscle Stimulator has TIMING OPTIONS, whereas the T.E.N.S. does not.

    Ask your doctor which modality is right for you!

    For more information on TENS and EMS please visit our website www.naturesgatetens.com

  • Fibromyalgia - what is...



    Fibromyalgia - what is it?

    Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a musculoskeletal pain and fatigue disorder for which the cause is still unknown. Fibromyalgia means pain in the the fibrous tissues in the body i.e. the muscles, ligaments and tendons. The main symptom of fibromyalgia is severe muscle pain but it can also be accompanied by: fatigue, chest pain, headaches, fever, abdominal pain, insomnia, swollen lymph nodes, irritable bowel syndrome and depression. 

    Does TENS help Fibromyalgia?

    In addition to pain relieving drugs, there are a number of suggested treatments for fibromyalgia ie low intensity exercise, stress reduction, dietary supplements and acupuncture. An excellent drug free alternative is TENS.

    TENS pain relief is non-invasive and drug-free method. Electrodes are placed on or near the area of pain. TENS uses soothing pulses that are sent via the pads through the skin and along the nerve fibres. The pulses suppress pain signals to the brain. TENS also encourages the body to produce higher levels of its own natural pain killing chemicals ie endorphins and encephalins. 

    For more information visit our web site www.naturesgatetens.com

  • naturesgatetens:                USING A TENS MACHINE TO TREAT...



    naturesgatetens:

                   USING A TENS MACHINE TO TREAT NAUSEA

    Nausea and vomiting are symptoms of many conditions such as:

    • Motion sickness or seasickness

    • Early stages of pregnancy (nausea occurs in approximately 50%-90% of all pregnancies; vomiting in 25%-55%)

    • Medication-induced vomiting

    • Result of an anaesthetic

    A TENS machine can be used to treat nausea by placing the black electrodes over an easily found acupuncture point.  If you turn your hand palm up you will notice that there are two or three skin ceases where the wrist bends.  Place the black electrode so that its centre is approximately 2inch above the middle of the crease which is closest to the hand.  The red electrode may be placed 6inch higher or over the fleshy part of the hand just below the thumb.

    Suggested TENS settings:-

    Burst Mode

    Pulse Rate: 100 Hz

    Pulse Width:200 µs

    Stimulate for between 5 minutes to 1 hour.  Repeat as often as necessary to control the nausea.  Try to leave at least one hour between treatments.

    Alternative TENS settings:-

    Constant Mode

    Pulse Rate: 10 – 15 Hz

    Pulse Width:200 µs

    Stimulate for 5 minutes every 2 hours

    For more information visit the Natures Gate website www.naturesgatetens.com

  • naturesgatetens: USING A TENS MACHINE FOR BACK PAIN Most people...



    naturesgatetens:

    USING A TENS MACHINE FOR BACK PAIN

    Most people have experienced back pain sometime in their life. The causes of back pain are numerous; some are self-inflicted due to a lifetime of bad habits. Other back pain causes include accidents, muscle strains, and sports injuries. Although the causes may be different, most often they share the same symptoms, like an ache, tension or stiffness in the back. In most cases, it gets better within 12 weeks and can usually be successfully treated by taking painkillers and keeping mobile.

     A TENS machine is widely used by back pain sufferers to help manage and reduce the pain.

    In TENS therapy for pain management, a small, battery-operated device delivers low-voltage electrical current through the skin via electrodes placed near the source of pain. The electricity from the electrodes stimulates nerves in the affected area and sends signals to the brain that “scramble” normal pain perception.

     Suggested electrode placement and settings for LOWER BACK PAIN

     Using both leads, position the electrodes either side of the spine, at the site of pain.

    MODE: C Mode

    PULSE WIDTH: 260

    PULSE RATE: 50-80Hz

    OUTPUT: Adjust to the most comfortable intensity 

    For more information about using TENS machines, visit the Natures Gate website at www.naturesgatetens.com

  • naturesgatetens:THE BENEFITS OF USING AN ELECTRONIC MUSCLE...



    naturesgatetens:

    THE BENEFITS OF USING AN ELECTRONIC MUSCLE STIMULATOR

    Electronic muscle stimulator (EMS) units use continuous electrical bursts aimed at particular muscles to force them to contract and relax. During muscle stimulation the body sends blood and oxygen to these areas and increases production of endorphins. Electronic muscle stimulator units are regularly used for Training, Rehabilitation and Recovery

    • SPORTS TRAINING

    Dr. Y Kots of the Central Institute of Physical Culture in the former USSR conducted a study showing that electronic muscle stimulation causes contractions that are up to 30 times more powerful than normal voluntary contractions.  This leads to enhanced muscle strength and improved muscle recovery.

    • REHABILITATION

    Electronic muscle stimulator units can help rehabilitate muscles that have been injured due to traumer, surgery or disease.  The contractions caused by the EMS help to strengthen muscles of individuals who may not be able to participate in physical therapy.

    • MUSCLE ATROPHY

    Muscle atrophy is a symptom characterised by decrease in muscle mass and can occur as a result of numerous medical conditions.  Electrical muscle stimulation may be used to slow or prevent the effects of muscle atrophy by keeping weakened muscles active.

    • OSTEOARTHRITIS

    Osteoarthritis is a painful and sometimes debilitating condition caused by the degradation of joint tissues.  According to a clinical study published in the “Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation,” electrical muscle stimulation was found to be an effective component of physical therapy for elderly patients who developed hip osteoarthritis after total hip arthroplasty surgery.  Also an important benefit for mobility and independence, electronic muscle stimulation can strengthen knee extensor muscles.

    • PRESSURE SORE PREVENTION

    Electrical muscle stimulation can effectively reduce the risk of pressure sores in prone patients.  Pressure sores are common problems for patients who are wheelchair or bed bound.  Electrical muscle stimulation can be applied to the gluteus maximus of wheelchair bound patients. This treatment can produce significant results regarding the maintenance of proper buttock shape and avoidance of deformities, which may be effective in reducing the incidence of pressure sores.

    Electronic muscle simulators can be purchased from the Natures Gate TENS website at www.naturesgatetens.com 

  • HOW DO I LOOK AFTER MY SKIN WHEN USING A TENS MACHINE? There are...



    HOW DO I LOOK AFTER MY SKIN WHEN USING A TENS MACHINE?

    •  There are very few side effects when using a TENS machine, however occasionally mild irritation may occur at the electrode site.  This can usually be remedied by moving the electrode position each day by just the width of the electrode.  If an allergic reaction is experienced, try using a different make of electrode.  Moisturising cream may be applied after treatment to ease irritation, but not before.
    •  Trim any excess body hair, which could interfere with smooth electrode contact with the skin, but do not shave it!

    •  Do not place the electrodes on broken, cut or irritated skin.

    •  Ensure that the area of skin where the electrodes will be placed is “oil free”.  Try thoroughly cleansing the skin with soap and water and dry well around the electrode sites.  

  • For more information visit our website www.naturesgatetens.com
  • WHAT DOES A BOOST BUTTON DO?

    A TENS machine specifically designed for use during labour will have a BOOST BUTTON. 

     It may be integral to the TENS unit or it can be a hand-held device leading from the unit.

    ObStar Digital Maternity Tens

    The Boost Button is pressed whenever you have a contraction to block the pain signals sent to the brain.  By pressing it you switch the signal pulse rate you feel from a low setting (2 pulses a second) to a high setting (150 pulses a second).  A continuous sensation is felt with the Boost Button on. 

    Between contractions the Boost is turned off to return to a low pulse rate.  This helps your body to continue to produce endorphins.

    For more information on Natures Gate Maternity TENS machines visit our website www.naturesgatetens.com

  •                USING A TENS MACHINE TO TREAT NAUSEA Nausea and...



                   USING A TENS MACHINE TO TREAT NAUSEA

    Nausea and vomiting are symptoms of many conditions such as:

    Motion sickness or seasickness

    Early stages of pregnancy (nausea occurs in approximately 50%-90% of all pregnancies; vomiting in 25%-55%)

    Medication-induced vomiting

    Result of an anaesthetic

    A TENS machine can be used to treat nausea by placing the black electrodes over an easily found acupuncture point.  If you turn your hand palm up you will notice that there are two or three skin ceases where the wrist bends.  Place the black electrode so that its centre is approximately 2inch above the middle of the crease which is closest to the hand.  The red electrode may be placed 6inch higher or over the fleshy part of the hand just below the thumb.

    Suggested TENS settings:-

    Burst Mode

    Pulse Rate: 100 Hz

    Pulse Width:200 µs

    Stimulate for between 5 minutes to 1 hour.  Repeat as often as necessary to control the nausea.  Try to leave at least one hour between treatments.

    Alternative TENS settings:-

    Constant Mode

    Pulse Rate: 10 – 15 Hz

    Pulse Width:200 µs

    Stimulate for 5 minutes every 2 hours

    For more information visit the Natures Gate website www.naturesgatetens.com